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What Is Autism? Symptoms, Early Signs, Types, And Amazing Facts

Autism, also known as autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disability that affects the wiring of the brain. This developmental disability harbours groups of mental conditions that hinder an individual social interaction and communication.

It is worth noting that autism is not a mental disorder. That is to say, people are born with autism. Parents without traces of autism in their lineage can give birth to an autistic child. Autism can also start from the formation of a baby inside the womb.

Autism cannot be separated from a person: If an individual is autistic from childbirth, it follows through adulthood. Autism affects the daily activity of an individual, their behaviour, their thoughts, personality, actions, senses, and even speech. Autistic patients experience episodes known as meltdowns. Meltdown is a trigger response to uncomfortable situations. Meltdown could be informed by screaming, crying, throwing fits, or biting.

Another way people with autism express themselves in an uncomfortable situation is by not socializing, avoiding challenges, and secluding themselves from gatherings. People living with autism are said to engage in repetitive and restrictive pattern behaviour. For example, we all know that babies are attracted to colourful toys and will likely want to play with them. But autistic babies can sometimes be attracted to non-colourful playthings and also can be engrossed in playing with unusual things.

Different people have different experiences with autism. Hence, the need for different therapy treatments. Autistic signs can be seen in babies that are around eight months old. In most cases, an autistic child is diagnosed between the ages of one to two years: this is the period when children are supposed to be playing, interacting with other children, and learning how to communicate.

Symptoms Of Autism in Adults

Some adults do not know that they have autism. There are various autism symptoms in adults, and a lack of knowledge will hinder management styles. Autism can only be diagnosed by a mental health professional, but here are some common symptoms that occur during adulthood:

  • Finding it hard to communicate or speak

  • Always anxious about social activity

  • Looks rude by being disinterested in people.

  • Cannot express themselves through words

  • Throw fits when it comes to slight issues

  • Cannot make friends

  • Cannot adapt to social etiquette

  • Cannot make eye contact

  • Always late

  • Very forgetful

  • Procrastinate

If, as an adult, you are experiencing three or more of these symptoms, then it is advisable to see a professional for a proper diagnosis.

Early Signs of Autism in Babies

In most cases, autism signs are noticed during childhood. It is because of a lack of knowledge and attention that autism is later diagnosed in adulthood. Early signs of autism in children become clear because, there is some specific way a child is supposed to behave, and at some stage during childhood, there has to be a developmental activity happening.

Here are some common signs of autism you can see in children:

  • Spinning in a circle most of the time

  • Gets upset when arranged toys scatter

  • Have an interest in weird things

  • Speech impairment

  • Seizure

  • Lots of unnecessary tantrums

  • Fearlessness or greater dread than expected

  • Inattentive, impulsive, or hyperactive behaviour

  • Slow movement abilities

  • Cognitive or learning abilities that are delayed

  • Avoids or fails to maintain eye contact

  • Do not respond to name calls

There are other signs of autism, but those mentioned are the most common. Children can start exhibiting signs of autism as early as 10 months old. These signs change as they grow older. For your child to be properly diagnosed, they need to be experiencing three or more of these symptoms.

Medications And Treatment Plans Suitable for Autism

Autism cannot be treated but can be managed so that people living with it can live properly. Some therapies can help them cope. Autistic people will need professionals who are skilled in understanding autism to help with a treatment plan. Autistic patient responds best to well-structured therapy that will help reduce symptoms and make them take part fully in daily activities.

Here are some treatment plans suitable for autistic patients:

  • Speech therapy: this form of therapy helps improve the speech of people living with autism. Help them identify persons and things correctly, improve the explanation of feelings and emotions, etc.

  • Parent-mediated therapy: parents get to learn therapy techniques that will help them understand their children's autistic behaviour. This will improve communication between parent and child.

  • Social skill therapy: autistic patients learn how to interact and socialize with their peers properly. They also get to learn social etiquette.

  • Music therapy: this will help them become in tune with their emotions.

  • Play therapy: autistic children learn how to play and understand the rudiments of play.

  • Behavioural management therapy: it helps autistic patients reduce problematic behaviour. It will also help them develop skills that will help them solve challenges themselves.

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy: autistic patients learn how to change and identify their thought pattern that causes unwanted behaviour.

  • Animal-assisted therapy: this therapy helps them with their social skills and emotional challenges. it will also help adults with autism with stress.

Other treatment plans will help both adults and children living with autism. In some cases, two or three of the treatment plans can be used for someone experiencing symptoms like communication and social skills. Medications such as anti-anxiety, anticonvulsants, and Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors are recommended in extreme cases or together with therapy plans.

Interesting Facts About Autism

There are common misconceptions about autism and some real facts. So here are some real facts about autism.

  • Autistic patients do not have the same kind of difficulties. Instead, they have different skills, different abilities, and interests.

  • Some illnesses can co-occur with autism like anxiety or epilepsy.

  • Not everyone with autism does not speak, some do not have speech deficiency.

  • No one knows the cause of autism

  • There is no cure for autism

  • Adults can be diagnosed with autism

  • You can’t grow out of autism

  • More men than women have autism

  • Autism happens to all races, gender, and ethnic group.

In conclusion, it is better for autism to be detected early in children so that parents or caregivers can start an early treatment plan. Government and NGOs should also create more awareness of autism, as the is little to no awareness on the subject matter.

Parents, caregivers, and friends of autistic patients should be aware of these signs and show support in all ramifications.

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